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Article Dans Une Revue International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance Année : 2022

Recovery During a Congested Schedule and Injury in Professional Football.


PURPOSE: To analyze the relationships between the recovery kinetics experienced by professional football players and noncontact injury. METHODS: A cohort of 46 professional football players (age 24.2 [4.7]~y) from the same team (French Ligue 1) was monitored each day between matches when the team played twice a week. The recovery monitoring procedure was implemented after 38 matches and included some questionnaires: duration of sleep, Hooper scale (quality of sleep, level of stress, fatigue, and muscle soreness), perceived recovery status scale, creatine kinase concentrations, a countermovement jump, and an isometric force test. Noncontact injuries were collected during these periods. RESULTS: Noncontact injuries were associated with perceived fatigue and muscle soreness 2 days (relative risk [RR] = 1.89 and 1.48, respectively) and 3 days following the matches (RR = 2.08 and 2.08, respectively). An increase of sleep quantity during the 2 nights following a match was significantly associated with a lower RR (RR = 0.65), as well as a lower decrement score on the isometric force test on each of the 3 days after the matches (RR = 0.97, RR = 0.99, and RR = 0.97, respectively). No other association was reported for the variables sleep quality, stress, perceived recovery, creatine kinase concentrations, countermovement jump, and noncontact injuries. CONCLUSION: During a congested schedule, implementing a recovery monitoring protocol including questionnaires about fatigue, muscle soreness, quantity of sleep, and a physical test of isometric force could help practitioners prevent injuries.
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Dates et versions

hal-03779210 , version 1 (16-09-2022)



Benoit Delaval, Abd-Elbasset Abaïdia, Barthélémy Delecroix, Franck Le Gall, Alan Mccall, et al.. Recovery During a Congested Schedule and Injury in Professional Football.. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2022, 17 (9), pp.1399--1406. ⟨10.1123/ijspp.2021-0504⟩. ⟨hal-03779210⟩
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