Early Paleocene paleoceanography and export productivity in the Chicxulub crater. - Bassins, Réservoirs, Ressources (B2R) Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology Année : 2021

Early Paleocene paleoceanography and export productivity in the Chicxulub crater.

Michael T. Whalen
Jan Smit


The Chicxulub impact caused a crash in productivity in the world's oceans which contributed to the extinction of ∼75% of marine species. In the immediate aftermath of the extinction, export productivity was locally highly variable, with some sites, including the Chicxulub crater, recording elevated export production. The long-term transition back to more stable export productivity regimes has been poorly documented. Here, we present elemental abundances, foraminifer and calcareous nannoplankton assemblage counts, total organic carbon, and bulk carbonate carbon isotope data from the Chicxulub crater to reconstruct changes in export productivity during the first 3 Myr of the Paleocene. We show that export production was elevated for the first 320 kyr of the Paleocene, declined from 320 kyr to 1.2 Myr, and then remained low thereafter. A key interval in this long decline occurred 900 kyr to 1.2 Myr post impact, as calcareous nannoplankton assemblages began to diversify. This interval is associated with fluctuations in water column stratification and terrigenous flux, but these variables are uncorrelated to export productivity. Instead, we postulate that the turnover in the phytoplankton community from a post-extinction assemblage dominated by picoplankton (which promoted nutrient recycling in the euphotic zone) to a Paleocene pelagic community dominated by relatively larger primary producers like calcareous nannoplankton (which more efficiently removed nutrients from surface waters, leading to oligotrophy) is responsible for the decline in export production in the southern Gulf of Mexico.


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hal-03475200 , version 1 (14-06-2022)


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Christopher M. Lowery, Heather L. Jones, Timothy J. Bralower, Ligia Perez-Cruz, Catalina Gebhardt, et al.. Early Paleocene paleoceanography and export productivity in the Chicxulub crater.. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 2021, 36 (11), pp.e2021PA004241. ⟨10.1029/2021PA004241⟩. ⟨hal-03475200⟩
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