Efficacy of ustekinumab, vedolizumab, or a second anti-TNF agent after the failure of a first anti-TNF agent in patients with Crohn’s disease: a multicentre retrospective study - Université de Picardie Jules Verne Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue BMC Gastroenterology Année : 2022

Efficacy of ustekinumab, vedolizumab, or a second anti-TNF agent after the failure of a first anti-TNF agent in patients with Crohn’s disease: a multicentre retrospective study

Viennot Stephanie
  • Fonction : Auteur
Laharie David
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Background - No study has performed a face-to-face comparison of biologics after the failure of the first anti-TNF agent in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of biologics in this setting. Methods - Patients with CD who were refractory to a first anti-TNF agent, and treated with ustekinumab (UST), vedolizumab (VDZ), or a second anti-TNF drug as a second-line biological agent at 10 French tertiary centres from 2013 to 2019 were retrospectively included in this study. Results - Among the 203 patients included, 90 (44%) received UST, 42 (21%) received VDZ and 71 (35%) received a second anti-TNF agent. The first anti-TNF agent was discontinued due to a primary nonresponse in 42 (21%) patients. At weeks 14-24, the rates of steroid-free remission were similar between the UST, VDZ and second anti-TNF groups (29%, 38% and 44%, respectively, p = 0.15). With a mean follow-up of 118 weeks, drug survival was shorter for patients who received ustekinumab treatment (p = 0.001). In the case of trough level less than 5 µg/ml, patients treated with a second anti-TNF agent had a higher postinduction remission rate (p = 0.002), and drug survival (p = 0.0005). No other relevant factors were associated with treatment efficacy, including trough levels greater than 5 µg/ml. Conclusions - VDZ, UST and a second anti-TNF agent exhibit similar efficacy in the short term, as second-biological line treatment in patients with CD who are refractory to a first anti-TNF agent, but shorter drug maintenance is observed for patients treated with UST.
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Dates et versions

hal-03890189 , version 1 (23-01-2023)

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Rayer Cassandra, Maria Nachury, Bourreille Arnaud, Roblin Xavier, Peyrin-Biroulet Laurent, et al.. Efficacy of ustekinumab, vedolizumab, or a second anti-TNF agent after the failure of a first anti-TNF agent in patients with Crohn’s disease: a multicentre retrospective study. BMC Gastroenterology, 2022, 22 (1), pp.498. ⟨10.1186/s12876-022-02583-5⟩. ⟨hal-03890189⟩
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