Preoperative Predictors of Neoplasia in Patients Undergoing Small Bowel Resection for Complicated Crohn's Disease: A Multicentre Case-Control Study. - Université de Picardie Jules Verne Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Cancers Année : 2023

Preoperative Predictors of Neoplasia in Patients Undergoing Small Bowel Resection for Complicated Crohn's Disease: A Multicentre Case-Control Study.

Résumé

Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with an increased risk of small bowel neoplasia (SBN). We aimed to assess preoperative predictors of SBN in CD patients. We conducted a retrospective case-control study including CD patients who underwent surgery: cases were diagnosed with SBN on histopathological analysis and controls had no neoplasia. Preoperative cross-sectional imaging was reviewed by a panel of blinded expert radiologists. Fifty cases were matched to one hundred and fifty consecutive controls. In multivariable analysis, predictors of SBN were age ≥ 50 years (OR = 28, 95% CI = 5.05-206), median CD duration ≥ 17.5 years (OR = 4.25, 95% CI = 1.33-14.3), and surgery for stricture (OR = 5.84, 95% CI = 1.27-35.4). The predictors of small bowel adenocarcinoma were age ≥ 50 years (OR = 5.14, 95% CI = 2.12-12.7), CD duration ≥ 15 years (OR = 5.65, 95% CI = 2.33-14.3), and digestive wall thickening > 8 mm (OR = 3.79, 95% CI = 1.45-11.3). A predictive score based on the aforementioned factors was constructed. Almost 73.7% of patients with a high score had SBA. Old age, long small bowel CD duration, and stricture predicted the presence of SBN, particularly adenocarcinoma when patients have digestive wall thickening > 8 mm on preoperative imaging.
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Dates et versions

hal-04076226 , version 1 (30-05-2023)

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Capucine Chappe, Cecile Salut, Aurelien Amiot, Delphine Gaye, Nora Frulio, et al.. Preoperative Predictors of Neoplasia in Patients Undergoing Small Bowel Resection for Complicated Crohn's Disease: A Multicentre Case-Control Study.. Cancers, 2023, 15 (7), ⟨10.3390/cancers15072004⟩. ⟨hal-04076226⟩
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