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Article Dans Une Revue Leukemia Année : 2023

UBTF tandem duplications define a distinct subtype of adult de novo acute myeloid leukemia

Claude Gardin
  • Fonction : Auteur

Résumé

Tandem duplications (TDs) of the UBTF gene have been recently described as a recurrent alteration in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here, by screening 1946 newly diagnosed adult AML, we found that UBTF -TDs occur in about 3% of patients aged 18–60 years, in a mutually exclusive pattern with other known AML subtype-defining alterations. The characteristics of 59 adults with UBTF -TD AML included young age (median 37 years), low bone marrow (BM) blast infiltration (median 25%), and high rates of WT1 mutations (61%), FLT3 -ITDs (51%) and trisomy 8 (29%). BM morphology frequently demonstrates dysmyelopoiesis albeit modulated by the co-occurrence of FLT3 -ITD. UBTF -TD patients have lower complete remission (CR) rates (57% after 1 course and 76% after 2 courses of intensive chemotherapy [ICT]) than UBTF -wild-type patients. In patients enrolled in the ALFA-0702 study ( n = 614 patients including 21 with UBTF -TD AML), the 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival of UBTF -TD patients were 42.9% (95%CI: 23.4–78.5%) and 57.1% (95%CI: 39.5–82.8%) and did not significantly differ from those of ELN 2022 intermediate/adverse risk patients. Finally, the study of paired diagnosis and relapsed/refractory AML samples suggests that WT1 -mutated clones are frequently selected under ICT. This study supports the recognition of UBTF -TD AML as a new AML entity in adults.
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Dates et versions

hal-04541085 , version 1 (14-04-2024)

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Citer

Nicolas Duployez, Loïc Vasseur, Rathana Kim, Laëtitia Largeaud, Marie Passet, et al.. UBTF tandem duplications define a distinct subtype of adult de novo acute myeloid leukemia. Leukemia, 2023, 37 (6), pp.1245-1253. ⟨10.1038/s41375-023-01906-z⟩. ⟨hal-04541085⟩
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