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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences Année : 2018

Cognitive Impairments and Dysexecutive Behavioral Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease

Jean-Marc Bugnicourt
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Résumé

The purpose of this study was to characterize cognitive impairments and behavioral disorders in a sample of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). A total of 52 patients with CKD were prospectively recruited over a 344-day period. Cognitive functions (memory, action speed, executive function, and language) and behavioral characteristics were assessed with a standardized comprehensive battery. The patients' performances were interpreted with a validated method on the basis of normative data from 1,003 healthy control subjects. Brain MRI and biological data were collected. Multivariable linear regression models and bootstrap analyses were used to identify risk factors for cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment was observed in 32.5% (95% confidence interval: 17%-48%) of the 40 included patients with full data sets. Action speed and executive functions were the most frequently impaired domains. Dysexecutive behavioral disorders were observed in 27% of patients, and depression was observed in 32.5%. Cognitive impairment was independently associated with stroke volume, high serum parathyroid hormone and uric acid levels, and low serum glucose levels (adjusted R-2 = 0.54, p<0.001 One-third of patients with CKD had cognitive impairments (action speed and executive functions), behavioral dysexecutive disorders (hypoactivity with apathy, irritability, or anosognosia), or depression.

Dates et versions

hal-03572445 , version 1 (14-02-2022)

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Laurent Puy, Jean-Marc Bugnicourt, Sophie Liabeuf, Lucie Desjardins, Martine Roussel, et al.. Cognitive Impairments and Dysexecutive Behavioral Disorders in Chronic Kidney Disease. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 2018, 30 (4), pp.310-317. ⟨10.1176/appi.neuropsych.18030047⟩. ⟨hal-03572445⟩
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