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Article Dans Une Revue Ecology and Evolution Année : 2022

Think globally, measure locally: The MIREN standardized protocol for monitoring plant species distributions along elevation gradients

1 Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg
2 Georg-August-University = Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
3 UA - University of Antwerp
4 NSW DPI - New South Wales Department of Primary Industries
5 UdeC - Universidad de Concepción = University of Concepción [Chile]
6 IEB - Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad
7 ETH Zürich - Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology [Zürich]
8 CONICET-IANIGLA - Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales [Mendoza]
9 Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity and Department of Ecological Sciences
10 University of Kashmir
11 University Bozeman
12 NAS RA - National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia [Yerevan]
13 ULL - Universidad de La Laguna [Tenerife - SP]
14 UNCUYO - Universidad Nacional de Cuyo [Mendoza]
15 Center Macroecology, Evolution and Climate
16 UFS - University of the Free State [South Africa]
17 UHM - University of Hawai‘i [Mānoa]
19 University of Houston
20 IBZ - Institute for Integrative Biology [Zürich]
21 Universität Wien = University of Vienna
22 UNACH - Universidad Adventista de Chile - Adventist University of Chile
23 UNIL - Université de Lausanne = University of Lausanne
24 McGill University = Université McGill [Montréal, Canada]
25 Department of Forest Ecology and Management
26 Stellenbosch University
27 MSU - Montana State University
28 EDYSAN - Ecologie et Dynamique des Systèmes Anthropisés - UMR CNRS 7058 UPJV
29 INBO - Research Institute for Nature and Forest
30 La Trobe University
31 IB / CAS - Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences
32 USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station
33 INIBIOMA-CONICET - Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones en Biodiversidad y Medioambiente [Bariloche]
34 iDiv - German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
35 Unibas - Université de Bâle = University of Basel = Basel Universität
36 Yachay Tech University
37 CREAF - Centre for Ecological Research and Applied Forestries
38 UAB - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona = Autonomous University of Barcelona = Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
39 NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
40 UNIBE - Universität Bern / University of Bern
41 UiB - University of Bergen
42 Universiteit Leiden = Leiden University
43 UNINE - Université de Neuchâtel = University of Neuchatel
44 Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
45 Northeast Normal University
Lisa J. Rew
  • Fonction : Auteur
Jan Clavel
  • Fonction : Auteur
Pervaiz A. Dar
  • Fonction : Auteur
Franz Essl
Bernd Lenzner
Ann Milbau
Ivan Nijs
Davnah Urbach
Vigdis Vandvik


Climate change and other global change drivers threaten plant diversity in mountains worldwide. A widely documented response to such environmental modifications is for plant species to change their elevational ranges. Range shifts are often idiosyncratic and difficult to generalize, partly due to variation in sampling methods. There is thus a need for a standardized monitoring strategy that can be applied across mountain regions to assess distribution changes and community turnover of native and non-native plant species over space and time. Here, we present a conceptually intuitive and standardized protocol developed by the Mountain Invasion Research Network (MIREN) to systematically quantify global patterns of native and non-native species distributions along elevation gradients and shifts arising from interactive effects of climate change and human disturbance. Usually repeated every five years, surveys consist of 20 sample sites located at equal elevation increments along three replicate roads per sampling region. At each site, three plots extend from the side of a mountain road into surrounding natural vegetation. The protocol has been successfully used in 18 regions worldwide from 2007 to present. Analyses of one point in time already generated some salient results, and revealed region-specific elevational patterns of native plant species richness, but a globally consistent elevational decline in non-native species richness. Non-native plants were also more abundant directly adjacent to road edges, suggesting that disturbed roadsides serve as a vector for invasions into mountains. From the upcoming analyses of time series, even more exciting results can be expected, especially about range shifts. Implementing the protocol in more mountain regions globally would help to generate a more complete picture of how global change alters species distributions. This would inform conservation policy in mountain ecosystems, where some conservation policies remain poorly implemented.
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Dates et versions

hal-03619105 , version 1 (04-10-2022)



Sylvia Haider, Jonas J. Lembrechts, Keith Mcdougall, Anibal Pauchard, Jake M. Alexander, et al.. Think globally, measure locally: The MIREN standardized protocol for monitoring plant species distributions along elevation gradients. Ecology and Evolution, 2022, 12 (2), ⟨10.1002/ece3.8590⟩. ⟨hal-03619105⟩
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