Sphingomonas sediminicola Is an Endosymbiotic Bacterium Able to Induce the Formation of Root Nodules in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) and to Enhance Plant Biomass Production - Université de Picardie Jules Verne Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Microorganisms Année : 2023

Sphingomonas sediminicola Is an Endosymbiotic Bacterium Able to Induce the Formation of Root Nodules in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) and to Enhance Plant Biomass Production

Résumé

The application of bacterial bio-inputs is a very attractive alternative to the use of mineral fertilisers. In ploughed soils including a crop rotation pea, we observed an enrichment of bacterial communities with Sphingomonas (S.) sediminicola. Inoculation experiments, cytological studies, and de novo sequencing were used to investigate the beneficial role of S. sediminicola in pea. S. sediminicola is able to colonise pea plants and establish a symbiotic association that promotes plant biomass production. Sequencing of the S. sediminicola genome revealed the existence of genes involved in secretion systems, Nod factor synthesis, and nitrogenase activity. Light and electron microscopic observations allowed us to refine the different steps involved in the establishment of the symbiotic association, including the formation of infection threads, the entry of the bacteria into the root cells, and the development of differentiated bacteroids in root nodules. These results, together with phylogenetic analysis, demonstrated that S. sediminicola is a non-rhizobia that has the potential to develop a beneficial symbiotic association with a legume. Such a symbiotic association could be a promising alternative for the development of more sustainable agricultural practices, especially under reduced N fertilisation conditions.

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hal-03958116 , version 1 (26-01-2023)

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Candice Mazoyon, Bertrand Hirel, Audrey Pecourt, Manuella Catterou, Laurent Gutierrez, et al.. Sphingomonas sediminicola Is an Endosymbiotic Bacterium Able to Induce the Formation of Root Nodules in Pea (Pisum sativum L.) and to Enhance Plant Biomass Production. Microorganisms, 2023, 11 (1), pp.199. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms11010199⟩. ⟨hal-03958116⟩
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