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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Clinical Medicine Année : 2023

Practice Patterns of Antithrombotic Therapy during the Early Postoperative Course of Cardiac Surgery

Résumé

Background: The current practices regarding the management of antithrombotic therapy during the early postoperative course of cardiac surgery are not well described. Methods: An online survey with multiple-choice questions was sent to cardiac anesthesiologists and intensivists from France. Results: The response rate was 27% (n = 149), with 2/3 of the respondents having less than 10 years of experience. A total of 83% of the respondents reported using an institutional protocol for antithrombotic management. A total of 85% (n = 123) of the respondents regularly used low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) during the immediate postoperative course. For 23%, 38%, 9%, and 22% of the physicians, LMWH administration was initiated between the 4th and 6th hour, between the 6th and 12th hour, between the 12th and 24th hour, and on postoperative day 1, respectively. The main reasons for not using LMWH (n = 23) were a perceived increased risk of perioperative bleeding (22%), poor reversal compared with unfractionated heparin (74%), local habits and the refusal of surgeons (57%), and its overly complex management (35%). The modalities of LMWH use were widely varied among the physicians. Chest drains were mostly removed within 3 days of surgery with an unchanged dose of antithrombotic therapy. Regarding temporary epicardial pacing wire removal anticoagulation, 54%, 30%, and 17% of the respondents left the dose unchanged, suspended the anticoagulation, or lowered the anticoagulation dose, respectively. Conclusion: LMWH was inconsistently used after cardiac surgery. Further research is warranted to provide high-quality evidence regarding the benefits and safety of LMWH use early after cardiac surgery.

Dates et versions

hal-04032390 , version 1 (16-03-2023)

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Thomas Klein, Hugo Bignolas, Nicolas Mongardon, Osama Abou-Arab, Pierre Grégoire Guinot, et al.. Practice Patterns of Antithrombotic Therapy during the Early Postoperative Course of Cardiac Surgery. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2023, 12 (5), pp.2029. ⟨10.3390/jcm12052029⟩. ⟨hal-04032390⟩
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