Dyssynchrony and Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Heart Failure Patients With Unfavorable Electrical Characteristics - Université de Picardie Jules Verne Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging Année : 2023

Dyssynchrony and Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Heart Failure Patients With Unfavorable Electrical Characteristics

Résumé

Background: Among heart failure (HF) patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), those with unfavorable electrical characteristics (UEC) are less frequently CRT responders. Objectives: In this study, the authors sought to evaluate the relationship between preprocedural echocardiographic parameters of electromechanical dyssynchrony (EMD) and outcome following CRT. Methods: Among 551 patients receiving CRT, 121 with UEC, defined as atypical left bundle branch, presence of right bundle branch block, or unspecified intraventricular conduction disturbance, were enrolled. Indices of EMD were presence of septal flash, apical rocking, septal deformation patterns, and global wasted work (GWW), determined with the use of speckle-tracking strain echocardiography. Endpoints were response to CRT, defined as a relative decrease in left ventricular end-systolic volume ≥15% at 9-month postoperative follow-up, and all-cause death or HF hospitalization during follow-up. Results: Among the 121 patients, 68 (56%) were CRT responders. In multivariate analysis, GWW ≥200 mm Hg% (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 4.17 [95% CI: 1.33-14.56]; P = 0.0182) and longitudinal strain septal contraction patterns 1 and 2 (aOR: 10.05 [95% CI: 2.82-43.97]; P < 0.001) were associated with CRT response. During a 46-month follow-up (IQR: 42-55 months), survival free from death or HF hospitalization increased with the number of positive criteria (87% for 2, 59% for 1, and 27% for 0). After adjustment for established predictors of outcome in patients receiving CRT, absence of either of the 2 criteria remained associated with a considerable increased risk of death and/or HF hospitalization (adjusted HR: 4.83 [95% CI: 1.84-12.68]; P = 0.001). Conclusions: In patients with UEC, echocardiographic assessment of EMD may help to select patients who will derive benefit from CRT.
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Dates et versions

hal-04067787 , version 1 (13-04-2023)

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Jeremy Layec, Marie Decroocq, Francois Delelis, Ludovic Appert, Yves Guyomar, et al.. Dyssynchrony and Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Heart Failure Patients With Unfavorable Electrical Characteristics. JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging, 2023, ⟨10.1016/j.jcmg.2022.12.023⟩. ⟨hal-04067787⟩
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