Impact of cardiac surgery on left-sided infective endocarditis with intermediate-length vegetations - Université de Picardie Jules Verne Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Heart Année : 2023

Impact of cardiac surgery on left-sided infective endocarditis with intermediate-length vegetations

Résumé

Objective The best strategy to manage patients with left-sided infective endocarditis (IE) and intermediate-length vegetations (10–15 mm) remains uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the role of surgery in patients with intermediate-length vegetations and no other European Society of Cardiology guidelines-approved surgical indication. Methods We retrospectively enrolled 638 consecutive patients admitted to three academic centres (Amiens, Marseille and Florence University Hospitals) between 2012 and 2022 for left-sided definite IE (native or prosthetic) with intermediate-length vegetations (10–15 mm). We compared four clinical groups: medically (n=50) or surgically (n=345) treated complicated IE, medically (n=194) or surgically (n=49) treated uncomplicated IE. Results Mean age was 67±14 years. Women were 182 (28.6%). The rate of embolic events on admission was 40% in medically treated and 61% in surgically treated complicated IE, 31% in medically treated and 26% in surgically treated uncomplicated IE. The analysis of all-cause mortality showed the lowest 5-year survival rate for medically treated complicated IE (53.7%). We found a similar 5-year survival rate for surgically treated complicated IE (71.4%) and medically treated uncomplicated IE (68.4%). The highest 5-year survival rate was observed in surgically treated uncomplicated IE group (82.4%, log-rank p<0.001). The analysis of the propensity score-matched cohort estimated an HR of 0.23 for uncomplicated IE treated surgically compared with medical therapy (p=0.005, 95% CI: 0.079 to 0.656). Conclusions Our results suggest that surgery is associated with lower all-cause mortality than medical therapy in patients with uncomplicated left-sided IE with intermediate-length vegetations even in the absence of other guideline-based indications.
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Dates et versions

hal-04095018 , version 1 (11-05-2023)

Identifiants

Citer

Valentina Scheggi, Yohann Bohbot, Christophe Tribouilloy, Faouzi Trojette, Chloé Di Lena, et al.. Impact of cardiac surgery on left-sided infective endocarditis with intermediate-length vegetations. Heart, 2023, pp.heartjnl-2023-322391. ⟨10.1136/heartjnl-2023-322391⟩. ⟨hal-04095018⟩
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